Posted by andreas from dtm2-t9-1.mcbone.net (184.108.40.206) on Friday, December 27, 2002 at 4:29PM :
From the Executive Intelligence Review, a LaRouche publication.
Whatever one might think of LaRouche otherwise, his flagship the EIR, is doing outstandingly meticulous and efficient research - especially in the field of tracing the history of political ideas & screening hidden (fascist) power structures materialized in personal dependencies.
Their professional investigative achievements were often honoured with the willy nilly admission of them being one of the world best private intelligence services.
No conspiracy, all theory - in the best sense, i.e. steeled in the bath of hard facts - as far as I can judge: only that EIR is shying away form spiritual aspects prevents them taking any deeper looks.
But no, I am not a LaRouchie; many reasons for that, not the least among them being LaRouche's dedication to the Vatican and - above all - the strange social climate of the extremely hierarchical and humanly degrading structure of his organization with the intelligence and free will only vested in the higher echelons, all that on the backs of an army of party working drones.
Whatever, from the many aspects, only their investigative talents are presently of interest to me.
BTW: This article is of relevance to Assyrians not only with respect to a deeper - but always general - understanding of the mechanisms of concrete power structures as implemented and nurtured by individuals, but also with specific regard to the involvement of some Assyrians/non-Assyrian "friends" in organisations like Scientology.
More of that to come later on ...
As usual: A bit dry - but worthy.
This article appears in the December 20, 2002 issue of Executive Intelligence Review.
H.G. WELLS AND BERTRAND RUSSELL:
The `No-Soul' Gang
Behind Reverend Moon's
Gnostic Sex Cult
by Larry Hecht
It is just that unwillingness to think evil, ... that may presently erase the British from the scroll of living significant peoples.
—H.G. Wells, Experiments in Autobiography
Back in the 1970s, when the Reverend Sun Myung Moon's Gnostic Sex-Cult Freak Show was in its mass recruiting phase, the "Moonies" were the American parent's worst nightmare. Moon was the zombie-maker, the body-snatcher, who came in the night—or when the children were away at college, and stole their souls away. There was much basis in fact for this fear, as anyone who had ever looked into the vacant eyes or attempted to converse with the vacated mind of a "Moonie" will recall.
Today, this lunatic leader of a mass cult is the titular head of a multitrillion-dollar, worldwide apparatus of government influence-peddling and control that knows no equal. Moon literally owns whole countries in South America and Asia. His apparatus is rapidly buying up the U.S. Congress, the Presidency, and all potential opposition forces of left, right, and center. Moon's stock-in-trade is cash and sex—lots of it. The cash comes from the worldwide drug- and gun-running operations, part of which came to the surface in the Iran-Contra scandal: cocaine from the South American trade run under cover of the Moon-linked CAUSA group; heroin from Afghanistan and the Far East, laundered through dirty-money operations of the Moon cult that overlapped Ollie North's extracurricular activities while at the National Security Council.
The sex is a specialty of Moon's own Gnostic "family" cult. Remember the Congressional Madam scandals of the 1970s, featuring Tong Sun Park and Suzy Park Thomson? That was just the tip of the iceberg of "The Reverend" Moon's sexual-favors operation. Military intelligence officers who investigated Unification Church operations in Washington in the 1970s and '80s, report that the recruitment device used on ranking, conservative political and military officials was to hold weekly orgies, arranged by Col. Bo Hi Pak, the Unification Church official who was a top officer of the Korean Central Intelligence Agency (KCIA). The special treat at these affairs were the "Little Angels"—Korean schoolgirls brought over by Moon as a singing group. The photo files from these sessions are reported to be a powerful influence in certain circles to this very day.
But they didn't stop at Congressmen and high-ranking military. Moon now owns the religious right from Jerry Falwell to Gary Bauer, and has bought up most of the independent black ministers, the former base of the civil rights movement, to boot. Moon uses his ample supplies of money, gold-plated watches minted in his own factories, and his private stock of "Asian brides" for the most corrupt. Moon also owns a substantial chunk of the business operations of Louis Farrakhan's Nation of Islam. Farrakhan has been appearing regularly at Moon-sponsored events since 1996, in one case on the same podium with former Attorney General Richard Thornburgh, and former Vice President Dan Quayle. After the events of 9@nd11, Moon focused his sights on the traditional Muslim religious community, and is making inroads into mosques across America.
Moon also runs the central control points of world academic opinion. Through his International Conferences for the Unity of Science and Federation of World Professors, Moon pays six-digit honoraria to leading scientists, with emphasis on using their reputations to promote population control, artificial intelligence, and world federalism. Moon owns the second major daily in the national capital of the world's greatest power, the Washington Times, and the second largest wire service, United Press International. He controls industries around the world, ranging from food production and distribution to arms manufacture, including the original producers of the Thompson sub-machine gun.
Sen. Joseph Lieberman (D-Conn.) recently received the 2002 "Truman-Reagan Freedom Award" from the Moonie front group, the Victims of Communism Memorial Foundation. In 2000, Sen. John McCain (R-Ariz.) presided over the award presentation. The president of this Foundation, Lee Edwards, is the editor of the Sun Myung Moon magazine, The World and I. Its public liaison officer is society editor of Moon's Washington Times. Included on the National Advisory Council of this Moonie front are: former National Security Adviser Zbigniew Brzezinski; former Senators Robert Dole, Dennis DeConcini, and Claiborne Pell; former UN Ambassador and now head of the American Enterprise Institute Jeane Kirkpatrick; the head of the Heritage Foundation; and many more officials of "respectable" organizations and talking heads you see on television every day.
So Who, or What Is Moon?
So who really is the Rev. Sun Myung Moon, and what is behind him? The answer is not what you think. The Moon operation is not a simple case of penetration by a foreign intelligence agency. He is neither a right-wing conspiracy, nor a Communist plot, nor a creation of Jewish bankers. Nor is he the special property of some all-powerful secret society, as dreamed of by some populist-minded conspirophile.
To understand what makes the Moon clock tick, is to know the real history of the 20th Century, not the fairytale version set forth in schoolbooks and newsstand gossip sheets. We shall show you in this article that the Moon cult is the spinoff of two British intelligence operations of the 1920s and 1930s, in which the figures of Bertrand Russell and H.G. Wells play the prominent role. We shall begin by briefly summarizing these two operations. Then, to make sense of them, we shall go back in history to the beginning of the past century, and even a bit earlier, to discover the motives and means by which these things could be carried out. It is a shocking story, but a coherent one. Stay focused, and you can grasp it.
The two operations of Wells and Russell from which Moon sprung are these:
The Moral Re-Armament Movement, founded at a 1921 meeting between a wacky Lutheran preacher from Philadelphia and two British delegates to the Washington Disarmament Conference, Lord Arthur Balfour and H.G. Wells. Moral Re-Armament became the mass organizational vehicle for implementation of Wells' 1928 call in The Open Conspiracy, for a worldwide movement for draft resistance. The environment of Moon's Korean ministry was under control of Moral Re-Armament when he was picked up as an intelligence asset during the Korean War.
The Unity of the Sciences movement. Founded in 1935 under the supervision of Lord Bertrand Russell and John Dewey, it brought together Trotskyite academics Albert Wohlstetter (mentor of current Defense Policy Board Chairman Richard Perle), Sidney Hook, and Ernest Nagel, with members of the radical-positivist Vienna Circle. Merging with Robert M. Hutchins at the University of Chicago in the 1950s, this operation took over the teaching of science in the United States. Thomas Kuhn's widely read fraud, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, was published as the second volume of their Encyclopedia of Unified Sciences. In 1972, the Moonies were given the Unity of Sciences franchise, sponsoring the first of their still-ongoing International Conferences of the Unity of Sciences. Their early sessions featured such notables as Manhattan Project physicist Eugene Wigner, the lifelong ally of that truly mad scientist Leo Szilard (the model for Dr. Strangelove, in Stanley Kubrick's film of that name), and environmental fascists Alexander King and Aurelio Peccei, founders of the no-growth Club of Rome.
Before looking back to the history of these projects, let us first briefly dispense with the person of Rev. Sun Myung Moon. Moon as a personality is of very little importance, in himself. The real Reverend Moon is a pathetic, if nonetheless nasty, victim of Japanese internment and North Korean torture sessions. He is what the professional mindbenders who operate under military intelligence cover call a synthetic personality, just the right sort of material for running a cult operation. Born in 1920, Moon had received some training as an engineer when he was first imprisoned by the Japanese during their extended occupation of Korea. Early in the Korean War, Moon was taken prisoner in the North and subjected to the hideous physical and mental torture that became well known to Americans of the time. Moon describes his so-called religious conversion while in North Korean imprisonment as "my brainwashing."
A sample or two of Moon's "philosophy" tells it all. Here is the Reverend Moon on the subject of the meaning of life:
The purpose of Life, into which we all are born, for a man is woman, and for a woman is man. Man and woman are born to live for each other. The harmony of their body shapes, and of their organs of love are simply made so.
If you truly understand this fact, you have mastered more truth and more precious wisdom than an entire encyclopedia. God, the Great King of wisdom, has placed our organs of love in each other's custody. Thus the true master of the organ of love which a man or woman possesses is not that person at all, but is their loving spouse....
He made these comments before the 15th conference of the International Conference on the Unity of Sciences in 1986. Moon has something of an obsession with sex and the sexual organs. A former Moonie and leader of one of Moon's pro-Vietnam War front groups, recalled this anecdote:
I remember a day at Belvedere [the Moonies' Tarrytown, New York training camp] in May of 1973 during a leadership conference. Moon had just finished a short speech, and he then asked for general questions. I rose to my feet to address him. I said, "as a One World Crusade Commander, I frequently encounter the problem of homosexuality among our men." I asked him if there was anything we could do to help these people.
He replied: "Tell them that if it really becomes a problem to cut it off, barbecue it, put it in a shoe box, and send it to me." The audience roared with laughter.
Or another sample of the profound depths of Moon's thought:
When you defecate, do you use a mask? This is no laughing matter, this is serious. When you were kids, did you ever taste the cooties from your nose? ... Why didn't you feel they were dirty? Because that's a part of your body. The Reverend Moon has discovered something that no one else had thought about.
1. It All Began at Appomattox
If the lunatic Moon is not the maker of his own madhouse, who is? The best way to answer that question is to take a closer look at the designers of the operation that produced Moon, and the forces which shaped them.
Introducing: Russell and Wells
Most literate people know Herbert George (H.G.) Wells as a writer of science-fiction stories. Bertrand Russell, his chief partner in evil, is best known as a philosopher, mathematician, human rights activist, and pacifist—this, despite his repeated calls for a pre-emptive nuclear strike against the Soviet Union, and his often-expressed desire that the spread of epidemic disease might reduce the world's population every generation or so. Yet even with such correction (the truth of which the present-day Russell acolyte, Noam Chomsky, was forced to concede at a recent public appearance at Rice University in Houston), one does not arrive at a true picture of these men, or their role in the world.
Russell and Wells, who orchestrated so much of the evil of the 20th Century, were by birth and upbringing, men of the 19th Century, grown to manhood under the British Empire at the peak of its power, nursed on the tales of Kipling and the notion of the inborn superiority of the Anglo-Saxon race. Yet, they were clever enough to foresee its demise, and early on set themselves to the task of shaping a new world empire, more fearful and more evilly conceived than the openly declared global tyranny which was Victorian England. In his Experiments in Autobiography, Wells wrote of his own childhood:
In those days I had ideas about Aryans extraordinarily like Mr. Hitler's. The more I hear of him the more I am convinced that his mind is almost the twin of my thirteen-year-old mind in 1879; but heard through a megaphone—and—implemented. I do not know from what books I caught my first glimpse of the Great Aryan People going to and fro in the middle plains of Europe, spreading east, west, north, and south ... whose ultimate triumphs everywhere squared accounts with the Jews ... I have met men in responsible positions, L.S. Amery, for example, Winston Churchill, George Trevelyan, C.F.G. Masterman, whose imaginations were manifestly built upon a similar framework and who remained puerile in their political outlook because of its persistence.
(Wells only fails to note that the similarity of Hitler's outlook to the British one arises because Hitler was, like Moon, a synthetic personality and product of British-intelligence occult bureau and psywar penetration operations run into Germany at the beginning of the century.)
The Russells were an English noble family that came to prominence in the reign of Henry VIII, with the rise of John Russell, First Earl of Bedford. The Earl Bertrand Russell (1872-1970) of whom we speak, was the grandson of Lord John Russell (1792-1878), twice prime minister during the reign of Queen Victoria. Grandfather Russell, who raised young Bertrand, was an intimate of British spymaster and longtime head of the Foreign Office, Lord Palmerston. Palmerston managed a veritable zoo of agents of all stripes, particularly of the radical anarchist, and communist variety—Mazzini, Bakunin, and Karl Marx among them. A specialty of the house was the technique that came to be known as "Balkanization," the breaking up of a nation or opposing empire into divided parts. China, India, and much of Africa were subjugated this way, and Europe and Russia successfully held at bay.
But the great prize was the United States, the lost colony, whose reconquest was a central concern of British policy from 1783 onward. The Civil War was the last great effort to accomplish this goal by force of arms. Palmerston's agents in the Confederacy included Secretary of War Judah Benjamin and Teddy Roosevelt's uncle, James Bulloch. who else. But Palmerston lived just long enough to see the defeat of the Confederacy, Lee's surrender at Appomattox, and the immediately following assassination of President Lincoln by one of his disposable agents.
By the time that Palmerston died on Oct. 18, 1865, the world was forever changed. The United States was now a land power, with the greatest army on the face of the Earth, and an industrial base that would shortly surpass England's own. If it was to be reconquered, it would have to be by subversion and deceit. The question of how, exactly, that might be accomplished, occupied the thought and discussion of several generations of the British elite.
Agnostics and Gnostics
Bertrand Russell came to his position by birth. Herbert George Wells (1866-1946), who played Sancho Panza to Russell's Don Quixote, was a commoner, the son of a gardener and a house servant. Wells first gained access to the upper classes through the encouragement of Thomas Huxley, a biologist and prominent figure in the British intellectual elite. In 1884, the 18-year-old Wells received a scholarship from the London Department of Education to study at the Normal School of Science in South Kensington. His chosen field was biology; his teacher Thomas Huxley. Here was Huxley's view of the science of biology, as described in an 1889 essay, "The Nineteenth Century":
I know of no study which is utterly saddening as that of the evolution of humanity. Man emerges with the marks of his lowly origin strong upon him. He is a brute, only more intelligent than the other brutes, a blind prey to impulses, a victim to endless illusions, which makes his mental existence a burden, and fills his life with barren toil and battle.
Wells broke off his science education to pursue a writing career. Through Huxley, Wells gained entree to his first publisher, Astor's Pall Mall Gazette, and later to fellow Metaphysical Society member Lord Arthur Balfour. Ten years after leaving college, Wells wrote of Huxley, "I believed then he was the greatest man I was ever likely to meet, and I believe that all the more firmly today."
The key to the evil worldview of both Russell and Wells is already summarized in the philosophy of Huxley, an influential figure among avant garde intellectuals at the height of the British Empire. He was a leading member of the Metaphysical Society, which was founded in 1869 in an attempt to forge a more effective intellectual elite out of the membership of the Oxford Essayists and Cambridge Apostles. At a meeting of the society, Huxley coined the term agnosticism, an idea that would play out later in the conceptions of Wells, Russell, and the followers of the Reverend Moon. The atheist denied God exists. The agnostic left that question open. Instead, he denied the ability of man to actually know anything. Here in this conception, actually only a re-working of a metaphysics common to Aristotle, Hume, and Kant, was the "no-soul" doctrine which is at the heart of the Open Conspiracy. Huxley outlined the tenets of his agnosticism before a meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science in 1874:
No evidence can be found for supposing that any state of consciousness is the cause of change in the motion of matter of the organism.... The mind stands relegated to the body as the bell of the clock to the works, and consciousness answers to the sound which the bell gives out when it is struck.
We will find this same view enunciated later by Wells, Russell, and the Ernst Mach-influenced Vienna Circle which gave rise to Russell's Unity of the Sciences movement in the mid-1930s. But agnosticism, is only Gnosticism in disguise, and in this form, as a reincarnation of the ancient cult heresy, we shall find it at the heart of the "theology" of the Rev. Sun Myung Moon.
In his autobiographical account, written years later, Wells described the dilemma facing Britain at the time he was attending the monthly sessions of the elite Coefficients Club. The Coefficients was a cross between a diners club and a modern think-tank, which met monthly over dinners at London's St. Ermin's Hotel from 1902 to 1908.
Among the members of this unappetizing group was the powerful Lord Robert Cecil, elder statesman of Britain's most powerful family, and cousin to Arthur Balfour, then serving as Conservative Prime Minister. Lord Alfred Milner, the High Commissioner of South Africa, was a regular. A factional ally of Milner's in the serious debate that went on at these affairs was Halford Mackinder, the newly appointed head of the London School of Economics and originator of the doctrine of geopolitics, who Hitler's ghostwriter for Mein Kampf, Maj.-Gen. Karl Haushofer, acknowledged as his source. Another Milner ally was Leo Amery, later intimate of Winston Churchill. The Earl Bertrand Russell was there, sometimes making up a faction of one. The Viscount Edward Grey, a hereditary peer who was to play a crucial role in shaping the post World War I era, attended regularly. Sidney and Beatrice Webb, Fabian socialists who would soon embrace Benito Mussolini, were regulars. The Webbs, who were solidly middle-class academics, were credited with having organized the group, most of whose members became part of a later formation, known variously as the Round Table, Milner's Kindergarten, and the Cliveden Set. The name Coefficients might have been a play on Mrs. Webb's incessant references to improving "efficiency" in government.
Here is how Wells recalled the situation facing the Coefficients at the beginning of the 20th Century:
The undeniable contraction of the British outlook in the opening decade of the new century is one that has exercised my mind very greatly.... Gradually, the belief in the possible world leadership of England had been deflated, by the economic development of America and the militant boldness of Germany. The long reign of Queen Victoria, so prosperous, progressive, and effortless, had produced habits of political indolence and cheap assurance. As a people we had got out of training, and when the challenge of these new rivals became open, it took our breath away at once. We did not know how to meet it....
[O]ur ruling class, protected in its advantages by a universal snobbery, was broad-minded, easy-going, and profoundly lazy.... Our liberalism was no longer a larger enterprise, it had become a generous indolence. But minds were waking up to this. Over our table at St. Ermin's Hotel wrangled Maxse, Bellairs, Hewins, Amery, and Mackinder, all stung by the small but humiliating tale of disasters in the South Africa war, all sensitive to the threat of business recession, and all profoundly alarmed by the naval and military aggressiveness of Germany, arguing chiefly against the liberalism of Reeves and Russell and myself, and pulling us down, whether we liked it or not, from large generalities to concrete problems.
There were genuine differences as to how the defeat of the "new rivals" was to be accomplished, but no dispute as to the goal. The majority opinion converged on war, to set the European powers at each other's throats. The seeds of that war, pitting France against Germany, Germany against Russia, and Russia against Japan, had already been sown in the decade of the 1890s. Russell took issue with that view, at least ostensibly. During World War I he played the part of pacifist. Russell argued that England could achieve the same goals without being drawn into a world war: It could be done by clever intelligence techniques—psychological warfare and manipulation. Thus began his career as a "pacifist."
2. The Uses of Peace
We move ahead now to November 1918. The terrible war is over, England saved by the last-minute military intervention of the United States. Much of Europe is in ruins. The total dead on all sides number 8.5 million. Casualties number 37 million (9 million Russians, 7 million Germans, 7 million from Austro-Hungary, 6 million French, 3 million from the British Empire, 2 million Italians). Famine and disease are everywhere. Influenza, typhus, cholera, diphtheria, and other scourges kill more people in the immediate post-war period than died in battle. The seeds of Hitler have already been sown in the unpayable burden of reparations imposed upon defeated Germany by the Treaty of Versailles.
The idea of peace makes sense to people. But how shall it be accomplished? Even as he wrote anti-German hate propaganda for the War Office, Wells had been working with a team of old cronies from the Coefficients Club on a new version of an old scheme: Subjugate the sovereignty of individual nations to a supra-national government, with its own army, navy, and air force, possessing a monopoly on modern weaponry. His first writing on the subject dates to 1916. In January 1919, as Chairman of the League of Free Nations Association, he publishes his call for world peace, titled "The Idea of a League of Nations."
The argument, as Wells describes it: Modern war is total war; the economic and human cost has become so great, it is intolerable. So long as the threat of war exists, nations must expend an increasing portion of their wealth on the maintenance of armies, navies, and air services, and on scientific research to keep even with the potential enemy. Only outmoded thinking and prejudices, such as appeals to national patriotism, cause people to oppose his plan. If they would only think about it, they would see that the British Empire is already partially a world government:
What is there in common between an Australian native, a London freethinker, a Bengali villager, a Uganda gentleman, a Rand negro, an Egyptian merchant, and a Singapore Chinaman, that they should all be capable of living as they do under one rule and one peace, and with a common collective policy, and yet be incapable of a slightly larger cooperation with a Frenchman, a New Englander, or a Russian?
The argument appears strikingly modern, only because the present-day world is organized around the continued attempt to implement this plan which originated in the needs of the British aristocracy a century ago. Yet, as Wells admits in his draft, it is not modern at all. It is an attempt to return to periods of weak nation-states such as the Middle Ages or the Roman Empire. It was only with the Italian Renaissance, Wells argues, that the idea of powerful nation-states threatened unity. Wells will attempt to destroy the nation-state in order to create a new world empire.
Moral Re-Armament: The Moon's Beginning
Wells' League of Nations proved a failure. The American people, among others, did not buy it, and the Senate could not be brought to ratify it. But the war for world empire, under the guise of "universal peace," had only just begun.
In 1921, an international arms-control conference took place in Washington, D.C., the first of a series known as the Washington Disarmament Conferences. Frank Buchman, by outward appearance an insignificant American Lutheran preacher, was invited to attend and given an audience with two Englishmen. One was Arthur James Balfour, head of the British Empire delegation and Lord President of the King's Privy Council, who would sign the treaty twice, once for the King and once for the Union of South Africa. The other was Balfour's longtime associate from the days of the Coefficients Club, H.G. Wells, who was attending the conference as reporter for an international array of press syndicates.
Out of this meeting within a meeting came the founding of an organization to be headed by Buchman, that came to be known as Moral Re-Armament (MRA). Moral Re-Armament was, and remains to this day, an influence-peddling and control operation, run as a pseudo-Christian religious cult, much like the later Moon cult which it spawned. In more ways than one, Frank Buchman was the Reverend Moon of the 1920s and 1930s.
Frank Buchman's Rise
Born in Pennsburg, Pennsylvania in 1878, Buchman graduated from Muhlenburg College, and later attended Pennsylvania State College. As a Lutheran minister in a poor part of Philadelphia, he came into contact with the American Friends Service Society. His entree into intelligence circles appears to have originated on a trip to England in 1908. There, in a small church, he claims he saw "a vision of the cross" which changed his life. Whatever else happened on that trip, Buchman on his return to the U.S.A., began moving in high circles, and was soon a friend of the national chairman of the Democratic Party.
In 1915, Buchman began a tour of the Far East, sponsored by the Young Men's Christian Association, one of many do-gooder organizations which serve as a cover for international intelligence operations. (The friendly YMCA had already been linked through the Moody Bible School in Chicago, to the the 1881 assassination of President James Garfield, the Civil War general and Lincoln admirer who vowed in his inaugural address to enforce the Constitution against a racist reign of terror in the South.) The Buchman itinerary included India, Korea, Japan, and finally China. In Japan, he was personally greeted by Baron Mitsui, head of Japan's largest cartel, and hosted by Baron Shibusawa, founder of the Japanese Finance Ministry. Throughout his life, Buchman would maintain extremely close ties with the powerful Mitsui, Shibusawa, and Sumitomo families.
In 1917, Buchman arrived in China in the midst of a revolutionary epoch during which Sun Yat Sen had briefly held power. It was here, Buchman reports, that he perfected his method of influence-peddling and control. Buchman's technique was a shade more subtle than Moon's. Moon promises to satisfy his victim's craving for sexual satisfaction in the obvious way. Buchman wins the confidence of his victim, in order to control and manipulate his guilt. He called it his personal, "confessional approach" for "remaking man." He had already begun developing it while a graduate student at Penn State. Buchman put forth a public posture of moral probity and abstinence, inviting people to talk to him about their personal problems. Probing for the issues on which they felt the most guilt, he would persuade them that they could overcome their perceived weakness by confessing it to him, and becoming a faithful follower. Buchman won over many people with his technique, which became the trademark of Moral Re-Armament recruitment tactics, aimed generally at people of power and influence. Later, he also developed an ego-stripping technique, for mass recruitment in larger social settings.
In China, Buchman and his two friends drew up a list of 15 of the most influential Christians in Beijing. Sun Yat Sen was at the top of the list. He got as far as the Vice Minister of Justice, later acting Prime Minister, Hsu Ch'ien. Through Hsu, Buchman started a friendship with Sun. "If sin is the disease," he told an audience of missionaries, "we must deal with sin. Sin first of all in ourselves, the 'little sins' that rob us of power and keep us from being able to go out in deep sympathy to men in sin.' " But stories began to spread about Buchman's own pecadilloes, and he was forced to leave China. Still, Sherwood Eddy, the missionary who had brought Buchman to Asia, wrote: "Buchman's work in China has developed by a growth of evolution into a movement of immense proportions."
From China, Buchman made his way again to England. He arrived at Oxford in 1921-22, and began to work his magic on a circle of professors and students who were later to become known as the Oxford Group. Most were veterans of the recent war, who gathered for philosophical debate. Buchman would attempt to steer them into discussions of their personal problems. Again scandal arose. There was talk of exhibitionism occurring at the meetings, and the ever-present suspicion of homosexuality, the bane of the British boarding school system. Buchman himself never married, saying that God had not chosen a partner for him.
His slogans, which became the "four pillars" of Moral Re-Armament, were: 1) Absolute honesty; 2) Absolute purity; 3) Absolute love; 4) Absolute unselfishness. Buchman's self-advertisement for his cause sounded convincing enough:
Unless we deal with human nature thoroughly and drastically on a national scale, nations will follow their historic road to violence and destruction. You can plan a new world on paper, but you've got to build it out of people.
We shall see in a moment what he means by this.
3. The Open Conspiracy
Despite the scandals, the Oxford circle continued to grow. In 1928, Buchman, the posturing pseudo-Christian, received another boost from the avowed atheist H.G. Wells, with the publication of the first edition of Wells' The Open Conspiracy: Blue Prints for a World Revolution. The contradiction in theologies is only apparent. For both men, religion is a tool for power and social control. Through a study of Wells' Open Conspiracy, we can come to understand how a Gnostic sex cult such as Moon's, and a trained circus of pious peeping-toms such as Buchman's, may become instruments for achieving the same end.
Remember, the goal of Wells, Russell, and company is the destruction of the sovereign power of the nation-state, the United States above all, and with it the elimination of a philosophical, cultural, and religious tradition dating more than 2,500 years. Remember, this is to be achieved not by the obvious methods but by subversion. It will be accomplished in a manner that shall leave the typical patriot almost completely blindsided. In opposing one side of the operation, he will find himself embracing the same thing, from another side. Until he troubles to actually understand the true nature of the enemy he is up against, his impotent flailings will be not unlike the attempt to wrestle with an invisible man.
What makes the "open conspiracy" open, is not the laying out of some secret masterplan, not the revealing of the membership roster of some inner sanctum of the rich and powerful, which the typical deluded populist supposes to be the secret to power in the world. It is, rather, the understanding that ideas, philosophy and culture, control history. What constitutes a conspiracy, for good or evil, is a set of ideas which embody a concept of what it is to be human, and a conception of man's role in universal history. This Russell and Wells understood, even if their definition of a human being, apparently based on close, personal observation, was a two-legged ape that babbles. Neither "Sancho Panza" Wells, nor the "Ingenious Hidalgo" Russell, whose pretensions to philosophy we shall shortly expose, are intellectual giants. The power of their evil lies only in their possession of this bit of knowledge and the social connections to propagate it. Follow them then, in your mind's eye, as we retrace their crooked path which leads to the late 1960s unleashing of the Moonie scourge upon America, producing an effect similar to that achieved by the emptying of the world's largest loony-bin onto a university campus.
The New World Religion
The purpose of the Open Conspiracy, Wells tells us, with no evident shame, is the creation of a New World Religion. The first four chapters of the 1928 work present his "theological" analysis:
The old faiths have become unconvincing, unsubstantial and insincere, and though there are clear intimations of a new faith in the world, it still awaits embodiment in formulae and organizations that will bring it into effective reaction upon human affairs as a whole.
In the second chapter heading, he argues that the essence of religion is the subordination of self. Though the majority may have difficulty keeping to the strict teachings, there is a minority for whom "The desire to give oneself to greater ends than the everyday life affords, and to give oneself freely, is clearly dominant." This is the emotion Wells and his friends hope to tap.
In the third chapter, "Need for a Restatement of Religion," Wells hints at his plan for writing a new Bible:
Every great religion has explained itself in the form of a history and a cosmogony. It has been felt necessary to say Why? and To What End? Every religion has had necessarily to adopt the physical conceptions and usually also to assume many of the moral and social values current at the time of its foundation.... In these conditions lurked the seeds of an ultimate decay and supersession of every religion.
Later in The Open Conspiracy, Wells will refer to his threefold "modern Bible scheme." The first part (his replacement for Genesis and the books of the prophets) was his The Outline of History, published in 1920. Apparently Wells' Bible lacked an important one of the commandments. Modern scholarship has determined that Wells stole this multi-volume survey of the whole history of mankind (otherwise claimed to have been written in the extraordinary span of 18 months!) from a Canadian suffragist, Florence Deeks.
The second part of Wells' Bible, his cosmogony, was even then being written in collaboration with Julian Huxley and Wells' own son. Titled The Science of Life, it was published in 1930 in four volumes. As elaborated there, Wells' new religion is nothing but the Social Darwinism he learned at the feet of Thomas Huxley, a crude appeal to biological determinism. The reader is overcome with a mass of detail, all conceived to promote the social policy of eugenics and birth control for the engineering of a super-race. Every feature of modern ecologism is already contained in this work.
The third part of the Bible according to Wells, was to be the Science of Work and Wealth, his study of "economic and social organization considered as the problem of man's exploitation of extraneous energy for the service of the species." He never lived to complete it, or perhaps the targetted author gave up "the ghost" first, before his, or her, surplus energy could be exploited.
The Program of `The Open Conspiracy'
In the fourth chapter, Wells comes to the nub of the matter. Service to an ideal, the desire for a better order, is the heart of religion. His plan is to find a way to direct this powerful emotion to the implementation of the program of the Open Conspiracy.
In a later chapter, he summarizes the program of The Open Conspiracy in three clear and simple points:
Firstly, the entirely provisional nature of all existing governments, and the entirely provisional nature, therefore, of all loyalties associated therewith;
Secondly, the supreme importance of population control in human biology and the possibility it affords us of a release from the pressure of the struggle for existence on ourselves; and
Thirdly, the urgent necessity of protective resistance against the present traditional drift towards war.
There is no clearer statement of the program of that influential grouping which called itself, and came to be known as, the Utopians.
The first and third points of Wells' program were to be the basis for the first mass organizing project of the Open Conspiracy. Frank Buchman's Oxford Group, the seed crystal for the Moral Re-Armament Movement which was to spawn the Moonies, would be the vehicle. Wells had spelled it out precisely in Chapter XII:
The putting upon record of its members' reservation of themselves from any or all of the military obligations that may be thrust upon the country by military and diplomatic effort, might very conceivably be the first considerable overt act of Open Conspiracy groups. It would supply the practical incentive to bring many of them together in the first place. It would necessitate the creation of regional or national ad hoc committees for the establishment of a collective legal and political defensive for this dissent from current militant nationalism. It would bring the Open Conspiracy very early out of the province of discussion into the field of practical conflict.
But to promote a mass movement for peace after 1933, as Hitler was mobilizing for war, with Russia the expected target, was not the job for the communist movement. Some new sort of formation would be required.
Buchman and his group of followers at Oxford had made a well-publicized trip to South Africa in the late 1920s, where their movement for peace was christened the Oxford Group. Senior university officials soon embraced the group. B.H. Streeter, the provost of Queen's College, Oxford, and a well-known New Testament scholar, made public his support for Buchman at a 1934 meeting in Oxford Town Hall:
The reason that I have come tonight is to say publicly that I ought now to cease from an attitude of benevolent neutrality towards what I have come to believe is the most important religious movement today.
4. Nazis and Moonies
The Oxford Group spread its activities to other nations, becoming especially strong in Norway, Japan, the U.S.A.—and Hitler's Germany, where SS/Gestapo chief Heinrich Himmler was a member! Naturally the propaganda of the Moral Re-Armament Movement, which still exists to this day, attempts to play down the Nazi connection. But the very name Moral Re-Armament was announced by Buchman at a 1938 meeting at the Waldlust Hotel, outside the city of Freudenstadt in Germany's Black Forest. Buchman made numerous attempts to meet with Hitler. He was granted an official exploratory interview with Himmler, through whom Buchman hoped to get a date with Hitler, but it didn't work out. It appears that Himmler could not persuade his bureaucracy. In his biographical memoir, I Paid Hitler, Fritz Thyssen, the Catholic steel industrialist who broke with the Nazi Party after Kristallnacht and fled Germany, wrote that both Himmler and Deputy Reichsführer Rudolf Hess were members of Moral Re-Armament. Like Moon today, Buchman sought the big names.
In 1937, the Oxford Group began a publication called The Rising Tide, which also happens to have been the name of the paper of the Freedom Leadership Foundation, the Moonie front group set up in 1969 as the U.S. branch of the Moon-founded International Federation for Victory over Communism. Buchman's magazine was called New World News, the same as one put out later by Moon. The Moral Re-Armament singing group was known as the Angels, the model for Moon's Little Angels children's ballet.
The Peace Pledge
The signing of the Oxford Group's Peace Pledge, which called for renouncing participation in any war (exactly as Wells had outlined), became a vehicle for spread of the Wellsian movement among students in the United States and elsewhere. The Peace Pledge Union, which initiated the pledge, had been set up in 1936 by Bertrand Russell and Aldous Huxley, before the two came to spread their evil in the United States, Russell to Chicago and Huxley to California. This peace movement for Hitler's war drive, reached a peak in 1938, when Moral Re-Armament held rallies of 15,000 in New York and 30,000 in Los Angeles. After the Nazi invasions of Poland and Czechoslovakia, the Peace Pledge became a memory.
In England, Buchman had had the support of many wealthy and prominent people reaching all the way to the future King, Edward VIII. In 1935, a year before he assumed the crown, the Prince of Wales was a frequent associate of Buchman's, according to royal biographer Charles Higham. Edward's rule lasted only until 1938, when he was forced to resign, ostensibly over a scandal involving his marriage to an American divorcée. The real reason was his scandalous support for Adolf Hitler, at a time when England was about to go to war. Buchman also had the support of Dr. Gordon Cosmo Lang, the Archbishop of Canterbury who had a weakness for seances and once formed a commission to investigate psychic phenomena. Among Dr. Buchman's other British admirers were Sir Samuel Hoare, Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin, the Earl of Clarendon, the Marquess of Salisbury, and the Earl of Cork and Orrery.
Prominent American supporters of Buchman included Los Angeles Times publisher Harry Chandlee, Hollywood movie magnate Louis Mayer of Metro Goldwyn Mayer, and David Dubinsky, president of the International Ladies Garment Workers Union.
As war became imminent, Buchman fell under public attack both in Britain and the U.S.A. A widely publicized statement he had made to an American newspaperman in August 1936 did not sit so well now. Buchman had said: "I thank heaven for a man like Adolf Hitler who built a front line of defence against the anti-Christ of communism." There were investigations in the House of Parliament and the U.S. Congress, centering on his demand for exempting his members from the military draft as a religious group. The Catholic Primate of England, Cardinal Hinsley, threatened excommunication to anyone who joined Buchman's cause. The Jewish War Veterans Association condemned his open anti-Semitism. The Episcopal paper, The Witness, exposed Buchmanism as "a trap for labor" among other things. Much of Buchman's operations were focused on Communist influence in the labor movement. To take some of the heat, The Rev. James W. Fifield, pastor of a Congregational Church in Los Angeles, stepped in as the front man for the U.S. operations of Moral Re-Armament.
Buchman's Post-War Comeback
After World War II, Moral Re-Armament re-emerged as a major player in the Cold War environment that dominated the period of reconstruction of Europe and Japan. As the resistance movements of Italy, France, Greece, and elsewhere had been dominated by Communist-run popular fronts, it was no small task to disarm them and attempt to isolate the Communist influence. Buchman's love affair with Hitler was so well-known, it had to be mentioned in Peter Howard's official propaganda biography of him, Frank Buchman's Secret, published in 1951. Nonetheless, the decision was made to go with him.
In 1946, a group of wealthy Swiss bought Buchman the 500-bed Caux Palace Hotel on a breathtaking site, 3,000 feet above Lake Geneva, which remains today the center of international activities for the group. In 1949, Moral Re-Armament held a major conference at the Caux Palace, renamed Mountain House. It was the sort of affair the Moonies still dream of. There were 27 cabinet ministers and 118 parliamentarians from 26 nations in attendance, as well as trade union chiefs from 35 countries. There was heavy stress on the anti-Communist, Christian labor movement. Ex-Communist labor leaders, among them a South Wales steel worker and a German miner, testified on their conversion to Buchmanism. A bipartisan delegation of U.S. Congressmen was flown in by military airplane. The biggest promoter of MRA in the Congress, Karl E. Mundt, the South Dakota Republican who won the Senate seat in 1948, couldn't make it, but sent a telegram of support.
During the Marshall Plan debates, one-third of the U.S. Congress saw the film "The Good Road," a movie version of the MRA's musical stage show. Gen. Lucius Clay gave the show special permission to tour in occupied Germany. The MRA targetted trade-union members in the Ruhr region, especially miners. On Buchman's birthday in 1952, he received telegrams from Richard Nixon, Willy Brandt in Germany, NATO commander Gen. Hans Speidel, the chairman of the Democratic Socialist Party of Italy, and a member of the French Chamber of Deputies, among others. The penetration was so complete, that Buchman claimed such important post-war figures as German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer, Italian Premier Alcide De Gasperi, and French Foreign Minister Robert Schuman as signators on some of his operations.
Aside from the formula "Communism = the Anti-Christ," Buchman's preaching was centered on the family, the importance of mother, and the code phrase "the truths you learned at your mother's knee." Typical activities for members included acting in plays pushing the MRA ideology, voluntary labor squads, and Bible study. A frequent theme in the plays: A woman dressed entirely in red, known as Virtue, is portrayed as stirring up labor-management disputes, and is finally exposed as really being a "Red." Major centers of activity in the United States were The Club in Los Angeles, a retreat on Mackinac Island, Michigan, and one in Westchester County, New York.
The spread of Buchman's operations into Korea is suggestive of the sort of base which may have provided the first members for Moon's zombie cult. In the Nov. 3, 1952 issue of Moral Re-Armament's MRA Information Service, there appeared an article about an island off the Korean coast near the mouth of the Natkong River, called Jinoo Do. The MRA article references the visit to the island of "an agent of the Medway Plan Foundation, an organization devoted to human rehabilitation." The Medway Plan appears to refer to a town in England in which sociological studies, first run under the rubric of Charles Madge's Mass Observations, and later incorporated under the London Tavistock Institute, were carried out. The Medway study took up the relationship of sexual morality and work, focusing on the relationship of preachers to their wives in the town of Medway.
Arriving on Jinoo Do, the Medway Plan representative found an island inhabited by Korean orphans and
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